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Museum of Classical Archaeology Databases

Memorial of Attalos 1st of Pergamon, Fighting Gaul or Greek

These are Roman copies of figures from the monuments erected by King Attalos 1st of Pergamon on the South Wall of the Acropolis in Athens, representing the victories of Gods over Giants, Greeks over Amazons, and Athenians over Persians, as well as his own victories over the Celtic Galatians in central Asia Minor, normally referred to as Gauls — which brought Pergamon great wealth. Despite his easterly location (Pergamon was on the west coast of modern Turkey), Attalos made links with Athens and particularly Rome, mainly to combat the power of Macedonia. He was a noted patron of the arts.

There were four original groups in bronze, and various copies exist

Number: 
380e
Material: 
Marble
Location of Original: 

Venice, Ducal Palace

Size: 
0.71 x 1.12m
Accession: 

Purchased in 1884 from Malpieri of Rome

References: 

Lippold: Griechische Plastik, 353 (n.11)
Lawrence: Later Greek Sculpture (1927), 22, pl. 37b
Dütschke: Antike Bildwerke in Venedig (1875), 208
Walston: Catalogue of Casts in the Museum of Classical Archaeology (1889), 100, no.533
Reporter: 19 June 1885, 894, no.467
Hurwit: The Athenian Acropolis (1999), 269

Date: 
c.230 CE. Original: c.200 BCE
Provenance: 

Found in Rome in the Baths of Severus Alexander

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