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Museum of Classical Archaeology Databases

Doryphoros

This Doryphoros, or spear carrier, is one of several versions of the same sculpture to have been made in the Roman Empire. The bronze original on which these are based is now lost. Famed for its balance and idealised proportions, the Doryphoros is regarded as one of the best known examples of fifth century BCE Greek sculpture and an image of ideal masculinity. He must have been made before 79 CE when the volcano Vesuvius erupted burying Pompeii and everything in it

Number: 
181
Material: 
Carrara marble
Location of Original: 

Naples, Archaeological Museum 146

Size: 
2.02m
Accession: 

Purchased in 1884 from the casting establishment of Naples Museum

References: 

Lippold: Griechische Plastik, 163 (n.14 – actually on next page), pl. 59.1
Richter: Sculpture & Sculptors of the Greeks (1950), 56 & 248, fig.645
Walston: Catalogue of Casts in the Museum of Classical Archaeology (1889), 64, no.280
Lawrence: Classical Sculpture (1928), 211-, pl. 61
Moon: Polykleitos, the Doryphoros and Tradition

Date: 
Early Roman. Original: c.450 BCE
Sculptor: 
Of original: Polykleitos
Provenance: 

Pompeii

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