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Museum of Classical Archaeology Databases

Bronze Deer

The Roman city of Herculaneum, not far from Pompeii, is five miles from Mount Vesuvius but when the volcano erupted in 79 CE the whole town was buried with ash and lava to a depth of twenty metres. Herculaneum was completely lost until the early eighteenth century.

Another almost identical male deer was found with this one, along with remnants of a third, now lost. The villa where it was found is very large and was clearly a home of great luxury and wealth; it was filled with sculpture, mosaics and wall paintings. In addition, more than a thousand rare papyrus rolls were found in the villa, giving it its name

Location of Original: 

Naples, National Museum 859


Ruesch: Guide to the National Museum, Naples, 214, no.859
Comparetti & De Petra: La Villa Ercolanese dei Pisoni, pl. XVII.2
Mattusch: The Villa dei Papiri at Herculaneum, 327

Early C1 CE

Found in 1756 in the garden of the Villa dei Papiri in Herculaneum

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