skip to content

Museum of Classical Archaeology Databases


Augustus, who was in power from 27 BCE to 14 CE, brought an end to the Roman Republic and established the Empire by consolidating power in Rome and himself. Portraiture was a crucial part of this process. It gave his new position a public face. But what should Rome’s first ‘princeps’ look like? His image had to appear sufficiently different from the rest of Rome’s marble elite and yet not so arrogant that people would be incited to dash it to the ground.

The answer lay, as can be seen here, in a blending of Roman portraiture with idealised Greek sculpture. It was a formula that was to shape the appearance of Rome’s emperors for centuries to come

Location of Original: 

Baltimore, Walters Art Gallery, 23.21


Transferred from the Archaeological Institute of Göttingen University in August 1991


Verzeichnis der Gipsabgüsse des Archäologischen Instituts der Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, 246, no.A1322
Handbook of the Collection of the Walters Art Gallery, 39

Search Casts

Use our search tools to search the Casts Archive

Museum of Classical Archaeology, Cambridge

Every cast tells two stories.
One ancient. One modern.

Admission is free.

We are open

Opening hours

Tues-Fri: 11am-2pm
Sat: 2-5pm (Univ. term-time only)
Sun & Mon: Closed

Closed on Bank Holiday Mondays

Visit us

Museum of Classical Archaeology
Faculty of Classics
Sidgwick Avenue

Get in touch

Tel. +44 (0)1223 330402

Facebook Twitter

For an explanation of what personal information we gather when you visit the University’s website and details of how that information is used please see the following University Privacy policy:

Copyright statement

All images and material on our websites are ©Museum of Classical Archaeology, University of Cambridge unless otherwise stated. Permission is required to reproduce our images.

See also our Copyright Notice and Take Down Policy.

Important Information

Museum of Classical Archaeology Web Accessibility Statement